How to plant, grow and prune bougainvillea

How to plant, grow and prune Bougainvillea

The good old bougainvillea has been a sight in many gardens. These thorny & ornamental vines stand out for the motley of colors that add plenty of charm to the garden.

What you need to know about bougainvillea

Name: bougainvillea.

Height: up to 4m

Foliage: evergreen.

Climate: cold temperate, warm temperate, arid/semi-arid, sub-tropical and tropical.

Soil: Prefers deep, well-drained soil.

Position: full sun.

Flowering: showy flowers of various colors in summer.

Feeding: Regular feeding with a balanced, controlled-release fertilizer.

Watering: regular watering.


Appearance and characteristics of bougainvillea

Bougainvillea is an evergreen climber that’s covered in color in the warmer months. The most common varieties are shades of red, orange, pink and purple, but white and even golden forms are available. The true flower of bougainvillea is a very small cream trumpet. The plant derives its showiness from colored leaves that surround this insignificant flower.

As well as a stunning array of colors, there are also forms with variegated foliage—with the leaves colored green and cream—giving interest even when not in flower.

Once known only as a very large climber, there are now many forms of bougainvillea, including dwarfs, so you can pick one to suit any spot.

How to plant and grow bougainvillea

Bougainvillea really does best when grown in full sun.

  1. Plant it in well-drained potting soil.
  2. Add a little compost to the hole to help hold the moisture.
  3. If growing one of the smaller varieties in a pot or container, ensure you use a good-quality potting mix.
  4. Be gentle when planting your bougainvillea, as they don’t like much root disturbance at this time.

As bougainvillea has thorns, it is important to wear strong garden gloves and take a bit of extra care at planting and pruning time.


Bougainvillea can be grown from warm temperate to tropical areas with ease and is very comfortable growing in coastal gardens. The only thing it doesn’t like is cold or frost. Once established, bougainvillea is really very dry-tolerant and will do remarkably well with only an occasional deep watering in warm weather.

How to prune bougainvillea

Bougainvillea is best pruned once the flowering has finished. This is usually in autumn but can be at other times depending on the variety. Remove the length of the stem that has flowered just behind the first flower. If your plant puts out extra-long shoots of growth—known as water shoots—these can be removed altogether.

Shop for different varieties of Bougainvillea online or in-store at the Dubai Garden Centre.

Bougainvillea Mix
In stock

39.00 AED

Bougainvillea Mix
Artificial Plant Bougainvillea
Out of stock

139.00 AED

Artificial Plant Bougainvillea
Bougainvillea Pink Pixie Outdoor Shrub
In stock

35.00 AED

Bougainvillea Pink Pixie Outdoor Shrub
Bougainvillea Alexandra Mix
In stock

169.00 AED

Bougainvillea Alexandra Mix