Punica Granatum- Pomegranate

I22081
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Short description

The pomegranate is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub in the family Lythraceae, subfamily Punicoideae, that grows between 5 and 10 m tall. The pomegranate originated in the region extending from Iran to northern India, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region.

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Watering

Pomegranate trees like to be watered deeply and regularly. As an estimate, an average pomegranate tree should receive around 50 to 60 inches of water per year, though this will be affected by the amount of sun it receives, along with the size of the tree. As the tree enjoys lots of water, it’s imperative that you prepare a well darning soil for it to grow in, as it will not tolerate sitting in soggy soil.

Water your pomegranate tree deeply around every 7 to 10 days, though if your area has experienced heavy rain, you should cut back to account for this. Pomegranate trees grown in containers will need more frequent waterings, as moisture evaporates from a pot more quickly than ground soil, and roots are confined by the limitations of the pot, and so, cannot seek out moisture elsewhere if they become thirsty. Pomegranate trees will benefit from extra water during flowering and fruiting seasons.

Temperature

Pomegranates originally hail from tropical regions, and so, are best suited to warm and hot climates. An ideal temperature range for growing pomegranate trees is between 40 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. If you live in a suitably warm climate, then pomegranate trees are one of the most rewarding fruiting trees you can grow. If you live in a cooler region, you could try your hand at growing a pomegranate tree indoors, which should be reasonably successful provided you position it in a spot with plenty of light.

While the tree does prefer to be kept warm, it is mildly frost-tolerant. It can cope with temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit, but only for short periods of time. If it is kept in these conditions for too long, it will suffer from leaf drop and may even die.

Humidity

Pomegranates enjoy high humidity, though this is difficult to control in an outdoor environment. Maintaining moist soil will help to increase humidity. As the water evaporates from the soil, it will increase the moisture content of the air. The tree is ideally suited to naturally humid climates, but if you grow the plant indoors, you can artificially increase humidity by misting the plant or using an electric humidifier.

Light

Pomegranate trees need full sun to produce an abundance or large and juicy fruits. While the tree will grow in shade, it will grow at a slower pace, and the fruits it produces will be small and slightly dry. Ensure you plant your tree in a position where it will receive sunlight for most, if not all, of the day. If your pomegranate is grown in a pot, you can move it around as the seasons change to make sure it is always recieving optimum sunlight.

ORIGIN Europe and Asia
SCIENTIFIC NAME Punica Granatum
FAMILY Lythraceae
TYPE Perennial, deciduous fruit-bearing tree or shrub
COMMON NAMES Pomegranate Tree
TOXICITY Non-toxic
LIGHT Full sun
WATERING Water moderately
HEIGHT Up to 33 feet
PESTS

Aphids

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