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|Botanical name||Cocos nucifera|
|Common name||Coconut palm|
|Plant type||Tropical evergreen|
|Mature size||50–100 ft. tall, 20–40 ft. wide|
|Sun exposure||Full sun|
|Soil type||Sandy, loamy, well-drained|
|Soil pH||Neutral to acidic|
|Hardiness zones||10–12 (USDA)|
|Native area||Western pacific|
Coconut palms thrive in full, bright sunlight. Even those found in nature can fail to proper if in the shade, so it's extremely important that any indoor coconut palm receives ample sunshine. During the fall and winter months, consider placing your palm under a grow lamp or another artificial light source to help make up for the loss in sunlight. Additionally, depending on its placement in your home, you may have to move your plant's location throughout the day to "chase" the sun and ensure proper exposure. As a good rule of thumb, you should aim for at least six hours of full sunlight each day.
Coconut palms are used to growing in a variety of soil conditions and are therefore not terribly picky about their planting mixture. That being said, a combination that closes mimics the coconut palm's natural environment is always your best bet. Typically, this means mixing a neutral to acidic potting soil with a bit of sand or vermiculite to maintain a well-draining environment (you could also skip the sand and opt instead for a drier cactus mix). Additionally, you can add a few layers of mulch to the top of the soil to help it retain moisture. Be sure your pot is at least 12 inches deep to start, in order to provide plenty of soil for the palm to take root in. Once roots have sprouted, you'll want to graduate it to a planter that holds at least 10 gallons of soil.
Like many tropicals, the coconut palm is one thirsty plant. Keep the soil consistently moist by saturating with warm water once to twice a week. As long as you've chosen a well-draining soil (see above), you really can't overwater a coconut palm—after all, they're used to between 40 and 60 inches of annual rainfall in their natural environments.
Keep your coconut palm nice and cozy at all times. It can survive in temperatures that are at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit and up (though they grow best in temperatures between 85 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit) and may fail to thrive if its surrounding climate dips below 64 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity is an important factor, too—maintain a moist environment for your palm with the addition of an in-room humidifier, as well as frequent spritzing with warm water. Your plant may also benefit from the addition of a mini greenhouse while still in infancy (you can remove once the palm is approximately 12 inches tall).